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Pharmaceutical composition comprising 5-methyl-2-2′ (chloro-6′-fluoroanilino phe nylacetic acid

27 February 2009 469 views No Comment

This invention relates to compositions for the treatment of cyclooxygenase-2 mediated disorders and conditions comprising 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof suitable for oral administration, and methods of treatment of cyclooxygenase-2 mediated disorders and conditions by the oral administration of 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid.

All patents, patent applications, and other publications referred to herein are hereby expressly incorporated by reference in their entirety. In case of a conflict between the present specification and material incorporated by reference, the present specification is controlling.

The present invention is directed to a composition for the treatment of cyclooxygenase-2 mediated disorders and conditions, the composition comprising a suspension of 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid. The utility of this compound and methods for its synthesis are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,291,523.

The present invention is also directed to methods for treating a cyclooxygenase-2 dependent disorder or condition comprising administering an effective amount of the compositions of the invention, i.e., a liquid oral dosage formulation comprising of 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid.

As discussed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,291,523, a genus of compounds, including 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid, is useful for the relief of pain, fever and inflammation of a variety of conditions including rheumatic fever, symptoms associated with influenza or other viral infections, common cold, low back and neck pain, dysmenorrhea, headache, including migraine headache, toothache, sprains and strains, myositis, neuralgia, synovitis, arthritis, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative joint diseases, gout and ankylosing spondylitis, bursitis, bums, and injuries following surgical and dental procedures. Some individuals, especially children, have difficulty swallowing solid oral dosage formulations. Thus, it is desirable to provide liquid oral dosage formulations comprising 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid for the treatment of the aforementioned conditions in individuals who have difficulty swallowing solid oral dosage formulations.

It has now surprisingly been found that a shelf-stable liquid oral dosage formulation comprising 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid can be prepared. The 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid drug substance is relatively water insoluble and also degrades in water, and so the ability to produce a shelf-stable formulation was unexpected. Further, it was surprisingly discovered that the suspendability of the 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino) phenylacetic acid drug substance can be highly dependent on the order of addition of the suspension components, in particular the suspending agent and the buffer.

The liquid oral dosage formulations comprising 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid are preferably suspensions of 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid. Suitable suspending agents include microcrystalline cellulose, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, guar gum, xanthan gum, gellan gum, carrageenan, sodium starch glycolate, and mixtures thereof. Concentrations of suspending agent in the formulations of the invention can range between about 0.1% to about 3%, or between about 0.5% and about 2.5%, or between about 1% and about 2%, or about 1.5%.

The formulations of the invention can also contain a wetting agent, e.g., polysorbate 80, poloxamers, including poloxamer 188, polyethoxylated castor oil and polyethoxylated hydrogenated castor oil, and polyoxyl 40 stearate. Poloxamer 188 has the structure HO(CH2CH2O)a(CH(CH3)CH2OH)b(CH2CH2O)cH, where a is 75, b is 30, and c is 75, with an average molecular weight of about 8350. The wetting agent is present in amounts typically between about 0.1% and about 5%, or between about 0.18% and about 1%, or between about 0.18 and about 0.25%, or between about 0.18 and about 0.22%, or about 0.2%.

The pH of the formulation can range between about 4.3 and 5.5, preferably between about 4.5 and about 5.5 or between about 4.75 and about 5.25. The pH can also range between about 4.9 and about 5.0. Suitable buffers include, e.g., alkaline metal citrate buffers, such as alkaline metal citrate salts with citric acid, alkaline metal acetate buffers, such as sodium acetate salts with acetic acid, and alkaline metal succinate buffers, such as sodium succinate salts with succinic acid, and mixtures thereof.

The formulations typically contain an antifoaming agent, e.g., simethicone, typically added as an emulsion, e.g., a 30% emulsion. Such a 30% emulsion can be added at a concentration of about 0.1% to about 0.25% in the final formulation. Sweeteners such as saccharin, sodium saccharin, aspartame, sucralose, acesulfame potassium, glucose, fructose, lactitol, maltitol, maltose, sorbitol, sucrose, and xylitol can be used. Flavoring agents can also be added to improve compliance.

Suitable preservatives for oral suspensions are known to those of skill in the art and include, e.g., benzoic acid, sorbic acid, parabens (butyl, ethyl, methyl, propyl), sodium benzoate, and sodium propionate. A preservative such as those set forth above, or a mixture thereof, can be present in amounts between about 0.01% and about 0.3%; or between about 0.02% and 0.25%; or between about 0.1% and about 0.2%. In one embodiment, the formulation comprises about 0.02% propyl paraben and about 0.18% methyl paraben. Other embodiments include formulations comprising 0.03% propyl paraben and 0.12% methyl paraben, 0.148% methylparaben and 0.016% propylparaben and formulations comprising 0.1% methyl paraben and 0.1% sorbic acid.

The suspensions of the invention can be made in conventional liquid formulation equipment. In one embodiment, the suspension of the invention is produced by a process comprising admixing water, drug substance, and suspending agent, followed by the addition and admixture of buffer components. Alternatively the suspension of the invention may be prepared by admixing water, suspending agent and buffer system components, followed by the addition and admixture of the drug substance. It has surprisingly been discovered that a suspension cannot be achieved if the buffer components are admixed with drug substance prior to the addition of suspending agent, when the suspending agent is a mixture of microcrystalline cellulose and sodium carboxymethylcellulose.

A pH of between about 4.3 and 5.5 provides a suspension with the most stable drug substance. Formulations with a pH below 4.3 have increased level of a cyclic degradation product, while those above pH 5.5 have increased levels of an oxidative degradation product. Further, increasing the pH of suspension formulations of 5-methyl-2-(2′-chloro-6′-fluoroanilino)phenylacetic acid above about pH 5.5 results in an undesirable increased solubilization of the drug substance.

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